Keratoconus is a medical condition in which the cornea, the clear front window of the eye, becomes thin and stretcjed, taking on the shape of a cone. The disease usually afflicts people in their late teens to early twenties. In the early stages, vision may only be slightly affected, however as the disease progresses, vision can become much more distorted. These vision changes can be accompanied by light sensitivity and discomfort in more advanced cases.
While nobody knows the cause of keratoconus, there is evidence that the disease has genetic origins, possibly made worse by environmental factors and eye rubbing. It normally affects both eyes, though it typically progresses at different rates.
Keratoconus can possibly be treated with eyeglasses or specially designed contact lenses. When vision is no longer satisfactory by one or both of these options, a Corneal Transplant may be recommended, such as Intacs corneal ring segments.
Intacs corneal implants provide a unique new reversible option to improve vision and defer a corneal transplant in most patients. Intacs are indicated for the correction of nearsightedness and astigmatism for patients with keratoconus, when contact lenses and glasses no longer provide suitable vision.
For those keratonic patients who are contact lens intolerant, Intacs corneal implants offer a less complex option than a corneal transplant. Most physicians would prefer to delay a corneal transplant as long as possible. Intacs corneal implants make this a possibility by improving functional vision, and possibly delaying the need for corneal transplants.
The goal of the Intacs procedure is to provide the keratoconic patient with the ability to achieve improved functional vision with contact lenses or glasses and in some cases without them. In the few patients who later had a conreal transplant after having the Intacs procedure, their transplants were completed without any complications.
Dr. Bokosky, as a Corneal Specialist, has been treating Keratoconus for many years and has successfully performed many Corneal Transplants, allowing his patients to return to a productive, healthy lifestyle.